How the steering wheel and wheel of a car operate

6 Min Read
How the steering wheel and wheel of a car operate

The vehicle’s steering system includes the steering wheel, which enables us to quickly and precisely regulate the trajectory by turning the steering wheels. But how can it accomplish this when working with a large object weighing one or more tons?

Given that the steering wheel enables the driver to control the direction of the steered wheels, it is undoubtedly the star of the steering system components. In other words, our ability to drive is made possible by the steering wheel.

How the steering wheel and wheel of a car operate

Numerous additional components must be in place to enable the steering wheel to perform its function and for the driver’s directions to be transmitted to the wheels.

The steering box is linked to the steering box by the steering box, which is connected to the steering wheel.

This component’s function is to convey the turn to the wheel axle using a set of gears that make the process easier.

The steering rod is quite different from that of the past. It comprises numerous parts that facilitate directionality and reduce the effort needed to perform turns, much like how modern steering wheels bear little resemblance to the early days of the automobile.

They also serve as a passive safety component in the event of an accident.

Today’s systems are incredibly advanced, so gone are the days of unreliable steering wheels and steering, which were expensive to operate and dangerous owing to their rigidity in the event of an accident.


The original autos of the 19th century were driven with a tiller, but Alfred Vacheron went a Panhard with a steering wheel added during the Paris-Rouen race in 1894. Panhard et Levassor.

They began fitting steering wheels to their cars in 1898, and C.S. Rolls—who would later co-found Rolls-Royce with Henry Royce—debuted the first steering wheel-equipped car in Great Britain the same year. The steering wheel was already standard in cars ten years later.

The first hydraulic power steering system hit the market in 1926, and Chrysler initially used it on Imperial cars at the start of the 1950s.

With the gradual preference for electric systems over hydraulic systems and the progressive neglect of mechanical systems, this system substantially improved turning maneuvers.

Collapsible steering columns that met American specifications started to be employed at the end of the 1960s.

Steering techniques

As we saw in the lines before, the time has allowed for the development of several steering systems that are utilized according to the complexity, precision, or cost that the vehicle maker wants to achieve:

A system with a rack and pinion

It has a pinion that rotates sideways on a rail with teeth immersed in grease, providing improved longevity. It is the most basic.

Ball system

This uses spheres to smooth the movement and is more common in oversized vehicles. The gears are moved inside a box filled with a highly viscous grease called valvular by a sizable screw that revolves on itself.

Hydraulic system

The engine is in charge of initiating the hydraulic system by connecting to the pump with a belt fastened to the crankshaft. This pump powers the machine, and a tank beneath it disperses the oil it uses.

Hydraulic pump

It is moved by an electric motor in the electrohydraulic system, which is quite similar to the initial design. In this method, the motor’s output is not lowered, enabling electronic steering-assist stiffness modification.

Mistakes in the steering

The most typical indication of a steering issue is vibration. In this case, it is crucial to solve the problem as quickly as possible to prevent jeopardizing our safety and the safety of other road users.

Once the car has started moving, we typically feel the vibration; the effect is more substantial as we speed up.

The tires lose grip because they can’t properly sit on the road, which increases our discomfort and reduces our ability to determine a trajectory precisely.

In many cases, the misalignment of the tires—which either have a flawed balancing or suffer from irregular wear—instead of the steering system itself is to blame for the issue.

A practical test for this is to let go of the steering wheel on a straight, well-paved section of the road and watch to see if the steering moves to either side.

Additional factors that contribute to steering wobble include:

  • Steering mounts that are broken. When turning, the vibration becomes more audible.
  • Degradation of the “silent blocks,” rubber mounts designed to minimize movement and noise of different parts.
  • Because it wasn’t changed at the time, the steering oil deteriorated or was insufficient.

Regardless of the cause, the best action is to visit a mechanic’s shop where the issue can be confirmed, and solutions may be provided. This is because the problem is not only a minor inconvenience that can be overlooked.

Share this Article
Leave a comment